Air, minerals, plants, soil, water, and wildlife are among the planet's natural resources. Conserving means taking care of and preserving these resources for future generations. It involves preserving species diversity, genetic diversity, ecosystem diversity, and environmental services including nitrogen cycling.
While conservation and preservation both pertain to the preservation of nature, they approach this goal in different ways. While preservation refers to keeping nature free from human use, conservation aims to allow humans to use it sustainably for things like hunting, logging, or mining.
The loss of biodiversity on Earth is a result of unsustainable rates of resource use brought on by continued human population increase. Habitat loss, climate change, invasive species, overexploitation, and pollution are the main causes of biodiversity loss.
The extinction of species and declining biodiversity are closely related. Although extinction is a natural process, the current rate at which it is occuring is not. A mass extinction event is when at least seventy-five percent of all species are lost at once, and scientists believe that present extinction rates are around a thousand times higher than would be predicted based on the fossil record.
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